Genocide the extermination of native americans

Atrocities Against Native Americans

Many writers see the massive depopulation of the indigenous population of the Americas after as a clear-cut case of the genocide. In this view, the concept of " manifest destiny " in the westward expansion from the eastern United States can be seen as contributing to genocide.

The Commission, however, was not authorized to conclude that physical and biologcial genocide occurred, as such a finding would imply a difficult to prove legal responsibility for the Canadian government.

To do so, it adopted a policy, formally institutionalized through the Indian Removal Act ofof moving all Indians living east of the Mississippi River to Indian Territory the modern states of Kansas and Oklahoma.

Because debates about genocide easily devolve into quarrels about definitions, an open-ended approach to the question of genocide that explores several phases and events provides the possibility of moving beyond the present stalemate.

Genocides in history

Native Americans gained uniform voting rights in the Voting Rights Act of This was one of the great sins in American life, they say: The first Europeans were amazed. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. In doing so they refuse to accept that the colonization of America was genocidal by plan, not simply the tragic fate of populations lacking immunity to disease.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Disruption of Indigenous social structures under these conditions and dire economic necessity forced many of the women into prostitution in goldfield camps, further wrecking what vestiges of family life remained in these matriarchal societies.

When they killed off all the Indians, they brought in Blacks to be their labourers. By far the largest number of deaths during this period continued to be related to material deprivation and social stress. In an ominous foreshadowing of the horrors to come, Columbus also wrote in his journal: Later works have followed suit.

From the earliest days of settlement, British men in the colonies from the Carolinas to New England rarely engaged in sexual relations with the Indians, even during those times when there were few if any English women available. Mandatory boarding schools, Allotment and Termination—all official government policies--also fall under this category of the crime of genocide.

One argument is that genocide does not apply since disease was the primary factor in the depopulation of California Indians; another is that mass violence was undertaken primarily by settlers and that the state and federal governments did not establish a policy of physically killing all Indians.

Indians might repulse a single invasion of their country or, if that was impossible, abandon their towns and rebuild, but because the United States had a large and growing population, a high capacity to continuously mobilize young men to fight, and an unwavering commitment to expansion, the nation was able to wage endless war.

Genocide of indigenous peoples

Various estimates of the pre-contact Native population of the continental U. In the process of arresting Sitting Bull, federal officials actually ended up killing him, causing a massive rebellion that led to the deaths of over Natives in Pine Ridge.

Newcomb, Pagans in the Promised Land: Smaller nations north of the Ohio also suffered significant losses through removal.

Category:Native American genocide

Though the Spaniards did not set out to exterminate the indigenous peoples, believing their numbers to be inexhaustible, their actions led to the annihilation of entire tribes such as the Arawak.

Settler colonialism requires a genocidal policy. Indigenous people north and south were displaced, died of disease, and were killed by Europeans through slavery, rape, and war. Congress appropriated money to support this and other militia campaigns, in some instances with knowledge of militia actions.

Having wronged them for centuries we had better, in order to protect our civilization, follow it up by one or more wrong and wipe these untamed and untamable creatures from the face of the earth.

From Virginia northward, the land had been taken by the English who, if anything, had even less tolerance for the indigenous people. The people were healthy and well-fed. Over time, the trade encouraged consumption of alcohol, prostitution, and destruction of game, all forces that damaged Indian health and community well-being.

Both forced adoption and forced contraception would fall under the provisions of the UN genocide convention. Chicken pox and measles, though common and rarely fatal among Europeans, often proved fatal to Native Americans, and more dangerous diseases such as smallpox were especially deadly to Native American populations.

Hundreds upon hundreds of native tribes with unique languages, learning, customs, and cultures had simply been erased from the face of the earth, most often without even the pretense of justice or law. How does Native American genocide compare to the Holocaust? Update Cancel.

Answer Wiki. 12 Answers. Al Carroll, Not all Indians were planned for extermination like the Tecoac, Otomi, What are some American/Canadian-Armenian opinions on the genocide of Native Americans by the Americans of an European descendant? Oct 05,  · The death toll of deliberate genocide against Jews is much higher at about 5 to 6 million while the death toll of deliberate genocide against Native Americans probably comes toby the Americans, 6, by the Canadians, 2, by the Spanish,by the Mexicans,thousands by other colonial power and another +1, by various.

The genocide of indigenous peoples is the mass destruction of entire communities of indigenous peoples. [Note 1] Indigenous peoples are understood to be people whose historical and current territory has become occupied by colonial expansion, or the formation of a.

Leading genocide expert Dirk Moses attributes "the genocide of many Native American tribes" including the Mandans, to governmental assimilationist policies that coexisted with officially or unofficially sanctioned efforts "to eradicate. One present-day byproduct of this oppression is suicide.

Today, Canadian Natives have the highest suicide rate of any identifiable population group in the world.

Native American Genocide

Native North Americans are not far behind. The genocide against American Natives was one of the most massive, and longest lasting genocidal campaigns in human history. The genocide of indigenous peoples is the mass destruction of entire communities of indigenous peoples.

[Note 1] Indigenous peoples are understood to be people whose historical and current territory has become occupied by colonial expansion, or the formation of a state by a dominant group such as a colonial power.

Genocide the extermination of native americans
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Genocide and American Indian History - Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History