The best standard is the one adopted by the philosopher; the second-best is the one adopted by the political leader. It is praiseworthy only if it can be shown that a self-lover will be an admirable citizen.
The life of pleasure is construed in Book I as a life devoted to physical pleasure, and is quickly dismissed because of its vulgarity. Aristotle assumes that when someone systematically makes bad decisions about how to live his life, his failures are caused by psychological forces that are less than fully rational.
The best way to understand him is to take him to be assuming that one will need the ethical virtues in order to live the life of a philosopher, even though exercising those virtues is not the philosopher's ultimate end.
It ranges over topics discussed more fully in the other two works and its point of view is similar to theirs. The difficult and controversial question arises when we ask whether certain of these goods are more desirable than others. Moral virtue cannot be achieved abstractly — it requires moral action in a social environment.
Aristotle thinks of the good person as someone who is good at deliberation, and he describes deliberation as a process of rational inquiry. Aristotle does not mean to suggest that unequal relations based on the mutual recognition of good character are defective in these same ways.
As discussed earlier, vice comes from bad habits and aiming at the wrong things, not deliberately aiming to be unhappy.
On the contrary, his defense of self-love makes it clear that he is not willing to defend the bare idea that one ought to love oneself alone or above others; he defends self-love only when this emotion is tied to the correct theory of where one's good lies, for it is only in this way that he can show that self-love need not be a destructive passion.
Aristotle does not however equate character with habit ethos in Greek, with a short "e" because real character involves conscious choice, unlike habit. Book X offers a much more elaborate account of what pleasure is and what it is not. And just knowing what would be virtuous is not enough.
Aristotle's conclusion about the nature of happiness is in a sense uniquely his own. A man will not live like that by virtue of his humanness, but by virtue of some divine thing within him. For this reason, one cannot really make any pronouncements about whether one has lived a happy life until it is over, just as we would not say of a football game that it was a "great game" at halftime indeed we know of many such games that turn out to be blowouts or duds.
And so in a way Socrates was right. In fact, some scholars have held that X. A few authors in antiquity refer to a work with this name and attribute it to Aristotle, but it is not mentioned by several authorities, such as Cicero and Diogenes Laertius, whom we would expect to have known of it.
Even though Aristotle's ethical theory sometimes relies on philosophical distinctions that are more fully developed in his other works, he never proposes that students of ethics need to engage in a specialized study of the natural world, or mathematics, or eternal and changing objects.
Are these present in Book VI only in order to provide a contrast with practical wisdom, or is Aristotle saying that these too must be components of our goal?. In the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle says explicitly that one must begin with what is familiar to us, To reach his own conclusion about the best life, however, Aristotle tries to isolate the function of humans.
Aristotle develops his analysis of character in Book II of the Nicomachean Ethics. The Nicomachean Ethics Analysis Literary Devices in The Nicomachean Ethics. Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory.
Because Aristotle deals in concepts, he's often given to meta-discourse that can make our eyes glaze over.
He's an overachiever like douglasishere.com moves from a discussion about how awesome the contemplative life is into a rant about the. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics study guide contains a biography of Aristotle, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
If you had to guess what the philosopher Aristotle thought would be the best kind of life to live, what type do you think he'd recommend? In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle notes that as a. Aristotle wrote two ethical treatises: the Nicomachean Ethics and the Eudemian Ethics.
He does not himself use either of these titles, although in the Politics (a36) he refers back to one of them—probably the Eudemian Ethics —as “ ta êthika ”—his writings about character.
The Nicomachean Ethics (/ ˌ n ɪ k oʊ ˈ m æ k i ə n /; Ancient Greek: Ἠθικὰ Νικομάχεια) is the name normally given to Aristotle's best-known work on ethics. The work, which plays a pre-eminent role in defining Aristotelian ethics, consists of ten books, originally separate scrolls, and is understood to be based on notes from his lectures at the Lyceum.An analysis of the concept of the best life in nicomachean ethics by aristotle